Kidney Kharab Hone Ke Lakshan

Kidney kharab hone ya Kidney failure kya hai?

Kidney kharab hone ya Kidney failure ko last-stage kidney disease bhi kaha jata hai. jismein kidney kaam karna band kar dete hain. Ye do prakaron mein banta gaya hai. Acute kidney failure aur chronic kidney failure hain. kidney kharab hone ke lakshan mein pair ki sujan, ubaakai aana, thakan mehsoos karna, lalsa ki kami ya bhram shamil ho sakte hain. Yeh, uchch raktachap, nephrotic vikar,  madhumeh aur polycystic kidney rog ka kaaran ban sakta hai. Doosri or, chronic kidney disease ki jatilataon mein uchch raktachap ya kamjori, coronary bimari, shamil ho sakti hai. Jab aapki kidney kaam karna band kar deti hai to use kidney failure kehte hain. 

Kidney ke karya

Kidney ka pramukh karya rakt ko saaf karna hota hai. Chooki rakt body ke madhyam se chalta hai, yeh excess fluid, chemicals and waste leta hai. Kidney is waste ko rakt se alag kar dete hain aur peshaab ke roop mein bahar nikal dete hain. Agar kidney yeh karya karney me sakshm nahi hai, toh yeh sthiti gambhir hai. Natijatan, gambhir health ki samasyaen utpann ho sakti hain, udaharan ke liye jeevan pe hani.

Kidney kharab hone ke kya kya lakshan hai

Dono kidney kharab hone ke lakshan:

  • Manspeshiyon mein marod aur aithan (muscle cramps and twitching)
  • Pairo mein sujan (swelling in feet and ankles)
  • Lagatar khujli hona (persistent itching)
  • Sine mein dard, agar taral padarth dil ki parat ke aaspaas banta hai (chest pain, if fluid builds around the lining of the heart)
  • Saans ki takleef, agar phephadon mein taral padarth banta hai (shortness of breath, if fluid builds up in the lungs)
  • Uchch raktachap (high blood pressure) 
  • Matli (nausea)
  • Vomiting 
  • Kidani kharab hone ke lakshan mein peshab mein badbu ya rang ka badalna shamil ho sakta hai.
  • Bhukh mein kami (decreased appetite)
  • Thakan aur kamjori (fatigue and weakness)
  • Neend ki samasyaen (sleep problems)
  • Aap kitna peshab karte hain (changes in urination) Ismein badlav (changes)
  • Manasik tej mein kami (mental sharpness)
  • Dono kidney kharab hone ke lakshan mein sharir mein thakan aur kamjori mahsus ho sakti hai.

kidani kharab hone lakshan, anya karan

kuchh anya karanon ki soochi yahan di gayi hai:

  • Uchch raktachap
  • Kidney mein kai cyst
  • kidneys Systemic lupus Eratosthenes
  • Hardening of the arteries
  • Dawaon ka atyadhik upyog
  • Aapke kidney mein ya uske aaspaas khoon ka thakka
  • kidney mein sankraman
  • Madhumeh

Kidney Disease Ke Prakar

Acute kidney injury

Acute kidney injury ko renal failure bhi kaha jata hai. Iska matlab kidney ke karyon mein Situation ya achanak vifalta hai jo 7 dino ke bhitar badh jati hai. Aisa kidney ke rakt pravah mein kami ke karan kidney ke tissues ko hone wale khatre ke karan hota hai. Acute kidney injury vibhinn karnon ho sakta hai jis me gurda kharab hone ke lakshan, bhi shamil hai. Udaharan ke liye, Prerenal acute renal failure, intrinsic acute renal failure aur Postrenal acute kidney injury. 

Is tarah ke Acute kidney injury ke liye logon ko hemodialysis ki zarurat hoti hai. Iski badhti Pragati ko rokne ke liye, iske karan ko dhund kr is ka ilaj karna chahiye. Inn pramukh karnon ke ilaj ke liye avashyak samay dialysis mahatvapurn ho sakta hai. Gurda kharab hone ke lakshan mein bukhar ya sardi jaise aam lakshan shamil ho sakte hain.

National Institutes of Health ki khojon ke adhar par Acute kidney injury ka vishleshan kiya jata hai. Udaharan ke liye, karan ko sahi pata laganay ke liya mutra ke paripakv upay dene ke liye kidney ki kami ya badha hua rakt urea nitrogen aur creatinine. Acute kidney injury vibhinn pareshaniya paida kar sakta hai. Isme, uchch potassium star, uremia, metabolic acidosis sharir taral samanta mein parivartan shamil hain. Jin logo ko Acute kidney injury ka samna karna pada hai, unhein lagatar kidani kharab hone lakshan najar atey hai aur baad mein kidney ke gambhir disease ho sakti hai.

Acute kidney injury ke karan

Acute kidney failure tab hota hai jab kidney ko rakt ki aapurti achanak se gadabad ho jati hai. Acute kidney injury ke karnon mein accidents, wounds, or complications from medical procedures shamil hain. Ismein kidney ko extended samay ke liye samanya rakt pravah se raahat milti hai taki kidney kharab hone ke lakshan ko kam kiya ja sakey. Bypass surgery aisi hi ek ranneeti ka mamla hai. 

Drug overdose, if unplanned hain, agar, kai medications, antimicrobial ya chemotherapy bhi kidney kharab hone ke lakshan ko badha sakta hai aur kidney ki gambhir kideny damage ki shuruaat ka karan ban sakti hain. Halanki, kidney aksar acute kidney injury se ubar sakte hain, jisse acute kidney injury wale logo ko samanya jeevan jaari rakhne ki anumati milti hai. acute kidney failure ka samna karne wale logo ko tab tak nirantar upchar ki avashyakta hoti hai jab tak ki unke kidney regain capacity nahi kar lete. Aur ve niyamit roop se bhavishya mein kidney ki chot ke jokhim mein rehte hain.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD)

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) kidney ki ek tarah ki bimari hai jismein kidney ki kidney function lagatar kam hoti jaati hai. Phle mein aam taur par koi lakshan nahin hote hain. Lekin badd mein kidani kharab hone lakshan mein thakan mahsoos hona, pairon mein sujan, ultee aana, bhukh kam lagana shamil hai. Jatilataon mein, uchch raktachap, haddi ki bimari, hriday rog ya anemia shamil ho sakte hain. 

kidney ke kharab hone ke lakshan ke roop mein bhedakapan ya kabj ka hona, uchch raktachap, glomerulonephritis, madhumeh aur polycystic kidney rog ho sakta hai. Jokhim karakon mein sthiti family history shamil hai. Diagnosis jyaadatar blood tests to measure glomerular filtration rate and urine tests kiya jaata hai. Aage ke parikshan, udaharan ke liye, mool kaaran tay karne ke liye ek ultrasound ya kidney biopsy, ki ja sakti hai.

CKD ke karan

Chronic kidney disease ya CKD ke vibhinn karan hote hain. CKD ke sabse prasiddh karan diabetes and uncontrolled high blood pressure. polycystic kidney disease CKD ka ek aur mukhya karan hai. polycystic kidney disease se peedit adhikansh logo mein sankraman ka family history hoti hai. Anya hereditary diseases bhi kidney ke kary ko prabhavit karte hain. Painkiller jaisi dawaon ka baar-baar upyog bhi kidney ki gambhir bimari ka karan ban sakta hai. Kuchh non-communicable disease vectors, udaharan ke liye, Hanta virus, kidney ko prabhavit kar sakte hain, jisse kidney ki injury ho sakti hai. Inke karan kidney ke kharab hone ke lakshan mein sharir mein swelling ya sujan ka hona ho sakta hai.

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Certificate no- AH-2023-0186

JAN 05,2023-JAN 04,2026

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