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What is Proteinuria? What Are Its Causes?

We all have ‘proteins’ in our blood that are essential for us for many reasons. They help in like building up your muscles and bones, prevent from various infections, and also maintain a balance of fluid in your blood. Our kidneys play a significant role in maintaining this balance as they filter our blood and remove all the excess salts, chemicals, and other toxins, including the excess amount of protein from your blood. But when an excess protein starts getting removed from your body, it might be a lousy situation.

Proteinuria is a state of presence of excess protein in the urine. In healthy Individuals, urine contains a low amount of protein, whereas an excess amount suggests that an ailment. Proteinuria is a condition that can be caused by few mechanisms in your body, like:- due to decreased function of kidneys or deceased glomerulus, increased loss of protein in serum, that is overflow. Sometimes, this can also be caused as a side-effect of a few medical treatments or maybe as a result of excess fluid intake.

It is one of the most common kidney disorders observed, but it does not give many symptoms and mostly remained unnoticed until it gets severe or accidentally revealed. If not timely, cured, or reported to the doctor, this condition elevates the possibility of getting chronic kidney disease or nephritic syndrome-like atrocious kidney diseases.

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What Are Its Symptoms & How Can We Detect It?

Because of excess protein in the urine, it might become foamy and gets paler in color. It can also be a symptom or a sign of proteinuria, but not necessarily. Only one-third of patients with foamy urine is marked positive with proteinuria. Also, the urine may smell bad/foul in this condition, though these changes can be brought by other reasons as well. Therefore getting regular medical tests done helps you to detect proteinuria like diseases before they turn severe. Urine test is the simple and the best measure to see if one is releasing an excess of protein or albumin in the urine. The urine test tells the percentage count of protein in the urine. If it results in equals to more than 30mg/g, then he or she may have kidney disease. BUN (Blood urea nitrogen) test is also used to check if the urine contains high protein. Another test to detect this state, when a person is not sure, is ‘dipstick test.’ One can practice this test at home and use a dipstick to see if you are releasing excess protein. The change in the color of this stick signifies the level of abnormalities. This condition hints towards the decreased function of your kidneys, and it should be immediately reported when diagnosed.

What Are Its Types?

Not all ‘proteinuria’ are the same.

One situation is Transient proteinuria, which is not generally suggestive to kidney disease. It may be caused by pregnancy or after a strenuous exercise. Pregnant women and people who are associated with sports, which involves too much physical stress, are more likely to get this transient proteinuria. And it is not harmful because it comes only for a temporary period and can be avoided with a diet less in protein and a good workout.

Orthostatic proteinuria, where patients may lose excess protein only in a particular position. Like some may lose excess while urinating in a standing position or some may lose excess of it in a sitting position. This condition needs to be discussed with your doctor and can be cured with a regular practice of a few ‘asanas’ in yoga. But the most common and severe type of proteinuria is persistent proteinuria. It is a major threat to your kidneys. It can be vicious and may results in kidney damage or acute kidney failure if not given the right treatment timely.

Other problems caused by Proteinuria:

This disorder can bring along multiple ill-effects on health like:

  • Weakness in your body: A general feeling of fatigue or lack of energy.
  • A weakening in your bones and muscles: Kidney issues can lead to mineral imbalances affecting bone and muscle health.
  • Swelling in limbs: Fluid retention can cause swelling in various parts of the body, particularly in the limbs.
  • Stress/depression: Kidney problems may contribute to mental health issues such as stress or depression.
  • Dehydration: Kidney dysfunction can impact the body's ability to regulate fluid balance, leading to dehydration.
  • Anemia: A decrease in the production of red blood cells, often associated with kidney problems.
  • Hypertensive nephrosclerosis: Kidney damage caused by long-term high blood pressure, leading to impaired kidney function.

All these health effects contribute to the constant deterioration in your health.

How to Naturally Cure Proteinuria?

This situation can be avoided only with few measures if you carefully follow them. Here are a few tips for you to prevent 'proteinuria' and how can you cure it in the early stages.

  • A healthy diet: It should not contain high protein content. High potassium, high phosphorus, and high salted foods should also be avoided in this situation. Junk food and processed food items should be strictly avoided.
  • Jogging/morning walks: It is vital to jog regularly, and if one is not healthy enough to jog, then he or she should regularly have a good walk in the morning and evening. Avoid tiring yourself; walk for a distance you are comfortable with.
  • Yoga: Yoga is the best natural remedy for kidney-related problems. There are few asanas if practiced regularly can improve this situation and help in maintaining your health. Yoga improves your digestion process and strengthens the immune system too.
  • Regular medical checkups: They can help you to detect this test at an early stage, where it is easily cured.
  • Naturally produced herbs: They can also be beneficial.

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