Pyelonephritis is a severe form of kidney infection. It causes the kidneys to become swell because of inflammation that occurs when bacteria grow inside. Untreated and recurrent pyelonephritis can be a cause of severe damage to the kidney function. Pyelonephritis treatment is necessary to prevent permanent kidney damage and slow down the bacteria’s growth within the kidneys. It may be life-threatening if kept ignored or otherwise, bacteria may spread to the blood leading to severe infections.
Pyelonephritis can either be chronic and acute. When chronic pyelonephritis develops, it indicates long standing attacks, but acute pyelonephritis is a sudden change in kidney function.
It usually begins in the urethra or bladder from there it may travel to one or both the kidneys.
Signs and symptoms of kidney infection
The signs of a kidney infection may vary according to stages. For example, mental confusion mostly occurs in the elderly only. Signs may include:
- Fever and Chills even at room temperature
- Back, flank or groin pain
- Abdominal pain
- Frequent urination
- Strong, persistent urge to urinate
- Burning sensation or pain when urinating
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pus or blood in your urine
- Urine that smells bad or is cloudy
- General itching or moist skin
- Mental confusion
Pyelonephritis treatment helps to ease the signs of infection and prohibit bacterial growth within the bloodstream.
What are the causes of kidney infection?
The infection usually begins in the lower urinary tract membrane. Bacteria may enter the body through the urethra and reach the bladder. From there, the bacteria travel through the ureters to the kidneys. E.colis is mostly related to the occurrence of infection. However, possible infections in your blood can also cause acute pyelonephritis.
Obstruction in the urinary tract membrane is yet another cause of acute pyelonephritis. Such hindrances do not allow the urine to pass out properly, which builds up in the kidneys itself.
Another common reason for kidney infection in women is the shorter urethra. For this reason, it becomes easy for the bacteria to enter the body. Women are more at the risk of kidney infection than men do.
Other people who are more at the risk of infections in the kidneys include:
- Older adults
- Anyone with chronic kidney stones or other bladder-related abnormality
- People who have vesicoureteral reflux
- People with autoimmune conditions such as HIV or AIDS or alike conditions
- Men with enlarged prostate gland
- Those who are using catheter tube for some medical conditions
- If you went for a urinary tract surgery
- Certain medications also put you at the risk
- Nerve or spinal cord damage block the sensations in the nerves around the bladder.
Pyelonephritis is a medical condition that needs immediate treatment response, or else it may permanently damage your kidney function. The allopathy suggests certain antibiotics to prohibit the growth of bacteria and reduce inflammation, but such medication may further put you at the risk of CKD. So, we doctors at Karma Ayurveda suggest patients should adopt Ayurveda for the treatment. An infection in your urinary tract can also be treated with the help of ayurvedic remedies and medications.
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